The so-called Varvakeion Statuette, named after the place of its discovery, is a reduced-scale copie of the colossal cult sculpture of Athena Parthenos, standing in her temple on the Acropolis and was made by the sculptor Phidias. Over the schoulder there is an Aegis with the head of Medusa on it. According to the legend the observer of Medusa´s head was immediately turned into a stone. The head of Medusa is also displayed in the middle of the exterior side of Athenas shield. On the interior side of it, a serpent is looping. This serpent, who is supposed to protect the city of Athens, is the personification of Erichthonius, the mythical king of Athens.